Among the countless diseases that the human body suffers from, schizophrenia is one of them that mainly affects the human brain. It is a chronic disorder that attacks the brain, and the victim of this disease faces difficulty distinguishing his/her thoughts from reality.
Doctors mainly term schizophrenia as a branch of psychosis, a state where people see things that do not exist or seen by other people. According to a study, less than one percent of the American population suffers from schizophrenia.
The amount might seem insignificant, but still, this disease attacks millions of people in the US.
People who are diagnosed with Schizophrenia experience symptoms like:
- Hallucination, a state where the person sees a thing that does not occur in reality.it also includes Hearing sounds that do not exist in fact and not heard by people in surroundings
- Delusion, victims have beliefs that do not relate to reality. The imagination looks real to such people, and they cant distinguish thoughts from reality.
- Lack of interest in routine activities, people with schizophrenia usually cut themselves off from society and do not participate in the community as their beliefs do not match with society. This even creates distance between them and their friends, family, etc.
- Lack of personal hygiene, the lack of motivation in people living with schizophrenia, that much swerves that they usually not care about their hygiene.
- Patients also have speech disorders
Schizophrenia is a complex disease, and people usually run into misconceptions while not understanding its reality.
However, it generates thoughts that are not based on the reality that does not mean that a schizophrenic person has a dual personality, nor is he harmful to anyone due to his disorder.
Most people believe that schizophrenic patients are abandoned and live in shelter homes or hospitals throughout their life. Instead, they spend an everyday life living with their families, yet they suffer from the disease’s impacts.
Schizophrenia decreases the life of patients as well. Most of the people with this disease die younger than ordinary people. It affects males and females equally.
According to various researches, it is concluded that the ratio is similar around the world.
Causes of schizophrenia
Even after years of research, the root cause of schizophrenia is unknown; however, doctors have suspected that the disease occurs by combining various genetic and environmental factors.
Schizophrenia usually travels from generation to generation, and it is in genes like if you have a family member such as a father, mother, grandparents. You are likely to inherit this disease from them.
However, it is not a thing to worry about as most scientists do not consider a single gene responsible for the condition. Still, a combination of multiple genes makes a person more suspicious of this disorder in the future.
The inheriting of schizophrenia is different in twins and even more different when it comes to identical and non-identical twins. In the case of identical twins, the study says that if one has been diagnosed with schizophrenia, the other has a 1in2 chance of getting it even though they were raised separately.
In contrast to non-identical twins, if one has schizophrenia, the other has a 1 in 8 chance of getting affected by it. Whereas the general population has a 1 in 100 risk ratio
Chemical changes in brain
Another cause of getting the disease is specific chemical changes in the brain. When a combination of brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters responsible for sending signals of brain cells faces imbalance or reduction, they play a vital role in the development of schizophrenia.
Furthermore, some pregnancy complication also ends up affecting the baby with this disease. Factors like early maternity, low birth weight, infection during pregnancy, and lack of oxygen during birth prevent the brain from developing healthily. During the pregnancy and in childhood, if the baby experiences some trauma or any unfortunate life event, he/she is suspicious to get the disease during their childhood.
The usage of harmful substances like cannabis, LSD, or any other form of drug triggers the symptoms of schizophrenia. It is common in patients to be addicted to drugs and alcoholism. Substance usage acts as a booster for the development of this disease in the brain and is a hurdle in any treatment for schizophrenia. The victims who are addicted to drugs use them during the treatment, which prevents the treatment from improving their medical conditions.
Having imagination and beliefs that are far away from reality, the people living with schizophrenia find relaxation using drugs; it starts to control their minds and become a habit that worsens their medical state. Drug and alcohol abuse hotline Guide is all you need to get help.
Although the disease does not have any cure, proper treatment and consultation can help its patients lead positive and productive lives.
The medical treatment of this disease doesn’t cure it but helps in reducing the level of its symptoms.
Antipsychotic medications help in reducing the number of chemicals that are suspected to be the cause of this disease. In addition, Psychosocial therapy and well Coordinated specialty care assist these patients in fighting schizophrenia
Despite having the symptoms, some patients fight with the disease pretty well and try to be as normal as possible to adjust in the community to live everyday life. However, it is a fact that such people have a proper family and communal support, which improves their morale and motivates them to keep their medical condition under control. Other patients who suffer from society’s unacceptability end up surrendering to their medical state, getting addicted to drugs, and even attempting suicide.
Concluding it, it is duly essential for the community, doctors, and family members to support schizophrenic patients. They must be supported and well treated to boost their capability to fight this disease and adjust themselves in society. Their strength should be admired. In addition to all these things, any other activity that will help to improve the medical conditions of a schizophrenic patient is valuable.
The disease may not have a cure, but its impact can be minimized using spirit and support from the surroundings.